By Dimithri Wijesinghe
The official launch of the “Not On My Bus” campaign by Oxfam in Sri Lanka took place on 28 March 2019 amidst the presence of partners, government authorities, civil society members, and other advocates.
With keynote speakers Minister of Women and Child Affairs Chandrani Bandara and Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport Chairperson Gayani De Alwis, the event hosted a panel discussion on the norms that propagate harassment in public transport. The panellists included counselling psychologist and psychotherapist Nivendra Uduman, gender equality and conflict sensitivity specialist V. Weerasingham, Legal Aid Clinic legal officer Attorney-at-Law Sajeewani Abeykoon, and Legal Aid Clinic legal officer Attorney-at-Law Gayani De Alwis.
Not On My Bus campaign is a three-year campaign, which is a country-level adaptation of Oxfam International’s “Enough” global campaign; a trilingual call-to-action focusing on changing norms which dissuade bystanders from intervening to stop or prevent sexual harassment on buses, trains, etc.
A soft launch of the campaign, incorporating the #CreateAScene, was carried out via Facebook and Twitter during March 2019, with special focused on encouraging bystanders to play a more active role in creating a safer space for women and girls who use public transportation.
Speaking to Oxfam Communications Coordinator Sheshadri Kottearachchi about the campaign and the importance of advocating for bystander intervention, she said: “Public transport is a primary area where women and girls experience harassment, and it’s important to be aware of how to assist someone who is subject to an act of violence.”
Reports show that 90% of women and girls are victims of sexual harassment in public transport at least once in their lifetime. Statistics also quote that 82% of bystanders witnessing harassment stated that they chose not to intervene. A research study carried out by Oxfam provides that bystander intervention seldom occurs in Sri Lanka during instances of harassment, stating that this level of inaction is prompted by several sociocultural attitudes.
Several workshops took place across the island since January 2018 in Colombo, Kandy, Katunayake, Batticaloa, and Killinochchi, with the participation of mixed groups ranging from the ages of 16-50, to better understand the attitudes behind such norms.
According to Oxfam, the workshops helped derive several norms such as “the onus for preventing and/or responding to sexual gender-based violence falls on women – it is their responsibility” and “it is not normal for survivors to speak out and complain”. Bystander intervention was selected as the key norm driving the campaign forward.
An awareness campaign was conducted on 26 March at the Fort Railway Station with the IdeaCouch theatre team, where the troupe acted out instances of harassment, following which they would pause to educate bystanders and then play out the same scene and demonstrate how simple it is to intervene. This appeared to be a highly effective campaign, particularly with the visual medium proving to be an almost jarring revelation after the fact, particularly when absolutely no one intervened when the harassment was being acted out.
Following the demonstration, a moderator proceeds to list out seven possible actions a bystander could take in order to combat the harassment: Look at the perpetrator; ask questions and get involved; if situation appears to be too heated, simply wait and then intervene; speak up and make some noise; note details of the perpetrator like clothes, face, gait, etc.; report the incident to the station master, traffic police, or conductor; and finally offer assistance to the victim.
By encouraging a normative shift, the Not On My Bus campaign hopes to achieve the following results:
1. Help bystanders understand the importance of intervening
2. Ensure that bystanders are aware of how to intervene effectively
3. Encourage mass media to portray bystander intervention in a gender sensitive and positive manner
4. Call on transport sector stakeholders and law enforcement authorities to support and recognise bystander intervention
The Not On My Bus campaign strives to help create a violence-free, safe space for women and girls in public transport through increased bystander vigilance.
Photos: Krishan Kariyawasam